What Is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)?
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder also known as OCD is an anxiety condition where a person experiences frequent intrusive and unwanted thoughts, images or urges which are referred to as obsessions.
Obsessions can be very distressing and as a result lead to in a person carrying out repetitive behaviours or rituals in order to prevent a perceived harm and/or worry happening. These behaviours may include avoiding people, situations, certain objects and seeking reassurance either mentally or asking others for reassurance, carrying out rituals which also may be mentally or externally i.e. counting, praying, checking, cleaning etc. which are known as compulsions.
Compulsions decreases the distress caused by the obsessions but this is a short term relief as when the obsession is triggered again the person carries out repetitive compulsions to reduce their distress which can be very time consuming and negative effect a persons functioning and quality of life. Compulsions can also develop into a habit where the original obsessive fear and worry has been forgotten and a person may engage in a compulsion in order to feel “just right”.
OCD presents itself in many ways and it can strongly impact on a persons daily life where both obsessions and compulsions can take up many hours of each day. There are many different types of OCD which include these 5 main categories:
Professional support is often required to determine the correct treatment in order to make a full recovery. CBT is one of the most an evidence based psychological intervention for the treatment for obsessive compulsive disorder and I have successfully treated many different types of OCD.
For More information and self help resources on OCD please check out the website below:
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